Exciting news: my historical thriller, Rabbit in the Moon, has been selected as one among best books on modern China’s myths, religions, politics, and culture. Check out the site. The novel is available in print, eBook and Audiobook.
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My historical thriller, Rabbit in the Moon, was published almost two decades after the Tiananmen massacre on June 4, 1989. I waited to write the story of the short-lived Student Democracy Movement, hoping that with the passage of time the Chinese government might be more open to the truth of what happened there.
That was not to be. The massacre was renamed the “June 4th incident”, my book was banned on the Mainland, and as I traveled to China over the years, it became clear that the government was more determined than ever to ban any discussion of the deadly crackdown- in schools, on the street, even from the Internet.
While Mainland citizens were subject to the ban for decades, Chinese living in Hong Kong and Macau were allowed to hold yearly candlelight vigils to commemorate the anniversary. That is until last year.
Today marks 32 years since Chinese soldiers killed hundreds if not thousands of pro-democracy protesters at Tiananmen Square.
Authorities in Macau and Hong Kong have banned the vigil for the second year in a row saying it would violate local criminal laws and citing corona virus issues.
Despite last year’s ban, tens of thousands of people defied the police, knocking down barricades that had been erected around Victoria Park where citizens had been gathering each June 4th for 30 years to mark the anniversary. This year, however, police closed off Victoria Park entirely. Thousands of officers have been placed on standby to stop any attempt to hold the event.
Several pro-democracy activists have been arrested including Chow Hang Tung who is the vice chairwoman of the Hong Kong Alliance which has been organizing the annual vigils. Arrested for promoting unauthorized assembly, she continued to call on residents to commemorate the anniversary in their own ways.
“Turn on the lights wherever you are – whether on your phone, candles or electronic candles,” she posted on Facebook a day before her arrest.
This year’s anniversary is the first since a new controversial security law was approved for Hong Kong, aimed at ending the city’s pro-democracy movement and criminalizing dissent. At least 100 people have been arrested since the law was enacted in June.
Already brave students from Hong Kong University have been photographed washing a statue titled the Pillar of Shame.
What the government’s response will be remains to be seen.
January 25thmarked the start of Chinese New Year for 2020.
The excitement of celebrations in China and elsewhere has been overshadowed by the emergence of the deadly Coronavirus. The new virus, which was first detected in Wuhan, a central city in Hubei Province, at the end of December, has killed at least 56 people and sickened almost 2000, including in Taiwan, Japan, Thailand, South Korea, Hong Kong, Scotland and now at least 3 cities in the United States (Washington state, Chicago and Orange County, California).
Fear is high as people recall the SARS outbreak, which began in China in 2002 and 2003. That epidemic spread rapidly around the world while officials denied the seriousness of the crisis. Eventually more than 800 people died.
According to the New York Times, about 30,000 people fly out of Wuhan on an average day. Even more leave by trains and cars. With the region’s biggest airport and deep-water port, Wuhan serves as the hub of industry and commerce in central China.
No doubt the new restrictions on travel will spoil the plans of millions of Chinese citizens who planned to visit family during the New Year holiday. The government said it would close Wuhan’s airport and train stations to departures, and it urged residents not to leave the city unless they had an urgent reason to do so.
Here in the US, the CDC is carefully monitoring the situation since this virus is highly contagious with a 10 to 14 day incubation period. Whether you are traveling or simply attending events where there are crowds, make a point of checking CDC updates on the TV and Internet.
For those who are content to stay at home and have not yet read the award winning thriller Rabbit in the Moonwhich deals with the 1989 Tiananmen massacre in Beijing, here’s a link to the updated version honoring the 30thanniversary of that terrible event.
China turns 70 tomorrow.
October 1st, National Day, officially commemorates Mao Zedong’s founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Impressive firework displays will be staged in many major cities across the country. In Beijing, the capital, there will be a huge parade replete with 580 pieces of military hardware, 15,000 goose-stepping soldiers, and 160 aircraft.
President Xi Jinping will address the country from Tiananmen Square where Mao Zedong proclaimed the People’s Republic of China seven decades earlier. All of this pomp and circumstance will be beamed to televisions in all corners of the country
Although Xi as lifetime leader of the Communist Party has almost absolute control over the country’s 1.3 billion people, he faces new challenges to his authority as the domestic economy slows and a trade war with the US is unresolved. Added to these internal issues are the 4 months of mass protests that began in July in Hong Kong and are expected to escalate tomorrow as Hong Kong residents plan to demonstrate against China’s influence in the city.
On the Mainland, state propaganda has managed to convince the majority of the country’s population that the United States and a handful of thugs are behind the demonstrations. This is despite the fact that up to two million Hong Kong residents have been marching in the streets.
Determined to ensure that the anniversary goes off without a hitch, the Chinese government has heightened levels of security around the country – especially restricting access to Tiananmen Square. Strict media and internet censorship includes turning off virtual networks that allow access to international websites.
There is no question that Communist China has enjoyed an amazing economic transformation in the past 70 years. Over 300 million people are now solidly in the middle class. There are even a rising number of billionaires. Much of the country’s infrastructure rivals and even surpasses the most modern Western cities.
In the long term, it will be interesting to see how China’s leaders are able to balance the one party rule with growing economic freedom.
In the short-term, let’s hope tomorrow is free of violence
This is me standing in Tiananmen Square in 1980- my first trip to China.
I was there again just before the massacre in 1989 on June 4th. Today is the 30th anniversary of that terrible day when Deng Xiaoping ordered his army to shoot students peacefully protesting the one Party-rule, demanding reforms including freedom of the press.
With inspiration from American democracy, the students had hastily created a 33-foot-tall sculpture made out of plaster and Styrofoam and dubbed the “Goddess of Democracy. It stood for less than a week from May 30th to June 4th before tanks rolled in and destroyed it.
Yet, outside of China, the “Goddess” is still remembered as a symbol of defiance. This year, in honor of the auspicious anniversary, a white statue of a woman has been relocated from Hong Kong University to Victoria Park, the site of the annual candlelight vigil commemorating Tiananmen. An almost identical sculpture has been installed in Taiwan’s capital (Taipei) inside Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall. Similar statues can be found in the United States and Canada.
Sadly, if you travel to Beijing now, walk around the enormous Tiananmen Square, and approach someone born after 1989, it is unlikely they have any knowledge of what happened three decades earlier. And that’s not just because people who do remember are afraid to speak about it. After that short-lived (7 weeks) Student Democracy Movement, the government imprisoned many of the survivors of the massacre, exiled others, and clamped down on public dissent. Efforts to learn about the event on the Internet have been successfully squelched to this day. More than 3200 words referencing the bloody incident have been censored according to a joint survey by the University of Toronto and the University of Hong Kong.
I feel sure “tank man” is one of the censored phrases since his photo is probably the most iconic memory of the massacre.
The current president, Xi Jinping, has continued and even intensified the country’s oppressive trajectory. Control over the media in China is said to be tighter than ever. According to a CBS news report, days ahead of today’s anniversary, the government apparently jailed some people who were known to have been associated with the 1989 protests, placed some on house arrest and forced others to leave Beijing.
If you’d like to learn more about the events surrounding the Student Democracy Movement, read or listen to my international thriller Rabbit in the Moon. The book won the Gold Medal for the Florida Book Award as well as several other literary awards. In honor of today’s anniversary, my husband Joel, who co-authored the novel, and I have listened to fans and updated the Authors Note and added a glossary, pronunciation guide, and a list of Chinese characters.
Good news! After almost a decade, Florida Book Award Good Medal Winner Rabbit in the Moon is finally released in paperback as an updated Second Edition.
Here’s the premise:
Is mankind ready for a scientific breakthrough that could double the average lifespan? Dr. Cheng’s obsession to find the secret puts the doctor, his granddaughter, and the future of the entire world in jeopardy.
The backdrop for Rabbit in the Moonis the seven weeks in 1989 between the rise of the Student Democracy Movement and the fall with the Tiananmen massacre in June. We chose this period for two reasons.
First, it was dramatic. Anyone who read the newspapers or watched CNN at the time can hardly forget the image of the young man holding up his arm to stop the tank from rolling over him.
The second reason for choosing this backdrop was because after our first trip to China in 1980, we returned to Los Angeles and became a host family for students from the mainland who were studying at UCLA. During the weeks leading up to Tiananmen in 1989, many of these students communicated with friends and family back in China using our fax machine. Remember, there were no iPhones or Internet at the time. Very few people in China had their own landlines then.
In talking with the students, they perceived the conflict as a generational struggle between the very old leaders, many of whom had marched with Mao and who were desperate to hang onto power, and the younger generation anxious for reforms.
We expanded on the generational theme by looking at how young versus old might view the acquisition of a longevity elixir, not only in China, but also in the United States and in Korea.
Writing a story with an historical backdrop requires accuracy. It was difficult, however, to know what was happening at the highest level of government at the time. The release of the Tiananmen Papersin 2001- secret documents smuggled out of China- reveal how the authorities reached their decision leading to the final confrontation. In 2008, another secret record dictated onto 30 one-hour audiotapes by the moderate Zhao Ziyang while under house arrest in 2000 (he died under house arrest in 2005), was published by Simon and Schuster. The title is Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Zhao Ziyangand gives Zhao’s dramatic and disapproving account of the bitter power struggle behind the scenes as the students occupied Tiananmen Square, the deep rivalries between reformists and hardliners as well as the critical role Deng played in the decision to use force.
In the published memoir, Zhao describes the secret meeting of the Politburo Standing Committee on May 17 that led to the imposition of martial law. He contends that the crackdown was a miscalculation by the hardliners because the martial law declaration touched off even larger protests and an ultimate confrontation. “On the night of June 3… I heard gunfire,” he says in the memoir. “A tragedy to shock the world had not been averted.”
Both the Tiananmen Papers and Zeo Ziyang’s memoir formed the basis for assumptions we made in writing the novel. For example, there is a pivotal scene in the book in which three of the leaders meet with Deng Xiaoping, warning that the students threaten his leadership and convincing him to write an editorial for the People’s Daily (which he, in fact, did), accusing the students of creating “turmoil”. Deng’s editorial was really a signal that the hard-liners were in control because it alluded to the “ten years of turmoil” that was the Cultural Revolution. Unfortunately, the students did not appreciate the significance of the message. They did not know that behind the scenes the moderate Zhao Ziyang had been ousted. They began a hunger strike, announcing that they would not leave Tiananmen Square until the editorial was recanted.
As a result, any opportunity for defusing the situation disappeared. And as we know, on June 4th, tragically, hundreds, perhaps thousands were killed.
Now, 30 years after that bloody suppression, the facts about events that led to the Tiananmen Square tragedy have yet to acknowledged by the Chinese Communist government.
After the Tiananmen massacre, the Chinese leaders made a decision that they would tolerate more economic freedom in order to maintain power. In 1992 Deng visited the southern new territories and blessed economic reform with the famous statement “to get rich is glorious” This change was not meant to promote democracy, but rather to maintain central control. And as it happens, for almost two decades there was astounding growth and modernization, though not without creating serious problems including increasing poverty in the countryside, forcing young people from farms to the cities seeking work, elimination of free health care, increased pollution, increasing crime, widespread corruption, etc.
The irony is that the opening up of the economy, brought a rise in technology – people bought cell phones and computers – and suddenly websites and blogs appeared with ideas going out on the World Wide Web
As China has begun to face its own domestic financial crisis with rising unemployment, manufacturing decline, and some fear regional ethnic strife, the leadership has received increasing criticism from within the country.
In November, 2018 protests on Peking University brought a warning to student activists that protests “bear consequences”. The clampdown at Peking University comes ahead of several politically sensitive 2019 anniversaries, including the May 4 student protests in 1919 and the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, in which students from the university played prominent roles.
Sadly, President Xi Jinping has sanctioned a series of crackdown to all forms of dissent, including human rights, activists, labor groups and religious organizations
We hope that readers will find this new edition of Rabbit in the Moona compelling and still timely read.
In this edition, we took past readers’ advice, so you will find a list of the characters and a glossary of some of the Chinese and Korean terms to avoid confusion.
To get a flavor of the writing, here is podcast of prologue: https://youtu.be/ZAJZL0z4dS0